Sens. Warren, Wyden question quality of auditors’ oversight in light of FTX debacle

Two United States senators have taken their questions about the performance of the accounting firms active in the crypto space to a higher power – the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB). Failure to uncover alleged criminality and poor recordkeeping at FTX has sullied the image of the PCAOB and the accounting profession, the senators said.

In a letter addressed to PCAOB chair Erica Williams and dated Jan. 25, Democratic Sens. Elizabeth Warren and Ron Wyden pointed out claims former FTX CEO Sam Bankman-Fried made about passing audits by large accounting firms Armanino and Prager Metis. Current FTX CEO John Ray told a bankruptcy court that he had “substantial concerns as to the information presented in these audited financial statements.”

In addition, the senators questioned the firms’ impartiality, saying they acted as “crypto industry cheerleaders.”

Warren and Wyden mentioned Williams’ statement that PCAOB registered firms are only required to meet the board’s standards “when they’re auditing a public issuer or broker dealer under our jurisdiction, not for any other clients” and pointed out PCAOB rules that seem to contradict Williams’ statement.

The senators also criticize proof of reserve reports. They wrote:

“In reality, proof-of-reserves examinations fall significantly short of real audits, as proof-of- reserves reports do not follow established standards, are not overseen by the PCAOB, and do not prove that listed assets actually belong to customers.”

The reason for their discussion of a process that is explicitly not subject to PCAOB oversight became clear in the 12 questions posed by the letter. They asked in their first question:

“What risks do investors face when crypto firms – whether publicly traded or private – attempt to pass off proof-of-reserve examinations as ‘audits’ and what is the PCAOB doing to mitigate these risks?”

Warren and Wyden went on to seek confirmation that the PCAOB had taken all appropriate actions in relation to crypto industry auditors. They also ask if Williams will “commit to using your inspection authority to evaluate and publicly report on auditors that provided services for any crypto company acting as a broker dealer, even if the firm was not registered as such with the SEC.”

Finally, the senators asked about the standards auditors are held to when they audit organizations with crypto asset holdings or shares in crypto companies. They said that they hope to receive an answer by Feb. 8.

Related: Senate Finance Committee Chair probes ‘lack of safeguards’ in crypto tax incentives

Warren is one of the crypto industry’s most vocal critics. Wyden, the former Senate Finance Committee chair, has a more nuanced record on crypto. He partnered with “crypto senator” Cynthia Lummis in 2021 to propose a “fix” to the crypto reporting requirements in the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law. He also wrote letters to Binance, Coinbase, Bitfinex, Gemini, Kraken and KuCoin in November to ask about their consumer protections.

The PCAOB is a nonprofit corporation set up by the U.S. federal government under the 2002 Sarbanes–Oxley Act. The SEC indicated in December that it too will be keeping a closer eye on auditors.

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